Us Army CIVIL War Campaign Medal Wrap Brooch George W. Studley Type
1920S-1930S UNITED STATES ARMY CIVIL WAR CAMPAIGN MEDAL, W/ WRAP BROOCH. ASSEMBLED BY GEORGE W. STUDLEY – STRUCK BY DAVIDSON OF PHILADELPHIA. RIBBON DRAPE TESTED UV NEGATIVE AS SHOWN. The Civil War Campaign Medal is considered the first campaign service medal of the United States Armed Forces. The decoration was awarded to members of the United States Armed Forces and the Confederate States Armed Forces who had served in the American Civil War between 1861 and 1865. The medal was first authorized in 1905 for the fortieth anniversary of the Civil War’s conclusion. The blue and gray ribbon denotes the respective uniform colors of the U. The Army Civil War Campaign Medal was established by the United States War Department on January 21, 1907, by General Orders Number 12. To qualify, a soldier had to serve between April 15, 1861, and April 9, 1865. The award was intended for both federal and volunteer soldiers. When it was discovered that medal qualifications included the words Active Federal Military Service, the Congressional Act of 1945 had those words removed. Army, Units with Confederate lineage use campaign streamers with the Gray edge up and Units with Union lineage use campaign streamers with the blue edge up. The campaign lettering requires two distinct sets of streamers for each campaign, one set for each side. The closing date was extended to August 20, 1866, date of President Johnson’s Proclamation ending the war. The corresponding Navy Civil War Medal was established on June 27, 1908, by Navy Department. The obverse of the Army Civil War Campaign Medal displayed an engraved image of Abraham Lincoln while the Navy and Marine Corps versions depicted the USS Monitor and CSS Virginia’s battle at Hampton Roads. The medal was designed by Francis D. Millet, a noted sculptor who perished on the RMS Titanic in 1912. The medal was struck at the Philadelphia Mint. Civil War Campaign Medal No. 1 was issued to Maj. Humphrey on May 26, 1909. The medal was originally established as a badge, because Congress would not approve a medal due to the costs involved. The War Department was authorized to create badges, so it did. This interest was due in large part to the fact that several senior military officers were veterans of the Civil War. In 1918, for those who had been cited for gallantry in action, the Silver Citation Star was authorized as a device to the medal. Only six Citation Stars were awarded. There is a direct relationship between U. Campaign streamers and the medal that a campaign represents. The streamer represents the unit’s participation in a campaign and the medal represents an individual’s participation in that campaign U. Army some differences for the U. When a campaign is established, participating unit’s are authorized a streamer and each service member assigned to the unit during that same time is authorized the medal. Sometimes these medals are campaign medals, other times they are service medals, but that streamer/medal relationship normally remains. Although some recipients may have worn some form of the ribbon, the monies necessary to mint and issue the medal were not appropriated by Congress until 1956 91 years after the war ended. It was this act that provided U. Units in the U. Army that trace their heritage and lineage to the Civil War are entitled to display a battle streamer for the Civil War on their flagpoles. This streamer is half blue and half gray, the color theme of the second ribbon design. Please let me know if there’s anything else I can do for you! The item “US ARMY CIVIL WAR CAMPAIGN MEDAL WRAP BROOCH GEORGE W. STUDLEY TYPE” is in sale since Thursday, January 25, 2018. This item is in the category “Collectibles\Militaria\1919-38\Original Period Items”. The seller is “medal_mulisha_store” and is located in Los Angeles, California. This item can be shipped worldwide.