1918 OTTOMAN TURKEY INDEPENDENCE OF THE TURKISH REPUBLIC ISTIKLAL MEDAL RARE. Oval gilt bronze medal; the face with a panorama of Ankara, a radiant rising sun beyond, a globe surrounded by working implements and an ox cart and drover in the foreground, dated (AH1336 = AD1918); the reverse with a relief map of Turkey, a five-pointed radiant star at Ankara with lines radiating to the major Turkish cities, a plaque below dated (AH1338 = AD1920), all within a crescent with a five-pointed star above, a decorative scroll below. The new Turkish Assembly at Ankara approved the medal on 29 November 1920 and Law 66 was published on 4 April 1921, instituting the medal and suppressing all Ottoman decorations. The defeat of the Central Powers in World War I, of which the Ottoman Empire was one, hastened its final disintegration. A nationalist uprising led by Mustafa Kemal Pasha (Ataturk) fought against the terms of the Treaty of Sèvres which included the Greek occupation of Izmir, resulting in the Turkish War of Independence (Kurtulu Sava). On 23 April 1920 the new National Assembly met at Ankara for the first time and, following victory in two years of war with Greek and Allied forces and the remnants of Ottoman power, the Assembly abolished the Sultanate on 11 November 1922 and declared the Turkish Republic (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), subsequently recognised by the Treaty of Lausanne, 24 July 1923. The item “1918 OTTOMAN TURKEY INDEPENDENCE OF THE TURKISH REPUBLIC ISTIKLAL MEDAL RARE” is in sale since Sunday, February 10, 2019. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Exonumia\Medals”. The seller is “ottomannumis” and is located in Maumee, Ohio. This item can be shipped worldwide.
- Modified Item: No
- Country/Region of Manufacture: Turkey
- Circulated/Uncirculated: Circulated
- Composition: Bronze